<HTML> <META NAME="description" content="C !C=-;8=, @0AA:07K > ;8A0E, 5@52>4 A :8B09A:>3> 8 :><<5=B0@88 0:045<8:0 . . ;5:A5520 (1881 - 1951)"> <META NAME="keywords" content="Pu Song Ling, C !C=-;8=, O> '609, 8B09, Meskhi"> <META http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <TITLE>C !C=-;8= - (  ,</TITLE> <STYLE fprolloverstyle>A:hover {COLOR: black; FONT-WEIGHT: bold} A:link {TEXT-DECORATION: none} A:visited {TEXT-DECORATION: none} </STYLE> </HEAD> <BODY bgColor=#ffffee> <BODY LINK="#0000ff" VLINK="#800080" BGCOLOR="#ffffff"> <STYLE fprolloverstyle>A:hover {COLOR: black; FONT-WEIGHT: bold} A:link {TEXT-DECORATION: none} A:visited {TEXT-DECORATION: none} </STYLE> </HEAD> <BODY bgColor=#ffffee> <BODY LINK="#0000ff" VLINK="#800080" BGCOLOR="#ffffff"> <font face="Courier New"> <p align=justify><a href="http://meskhi.net"><font size=2 color=red>Meskhi Net</font></a> * <font size=2><a href="index.html">   " </a> * <a href="graph.htm"> $ "!% .!" " </a> * <a href="fox1.htm">!(/  </a> * <a href="fox2.htm">'" "/ %#</a> * <a href="fox3.htm">! +" ', #</a> * <a href="fox4.htm">'  /, !/</a> * <a href="fox5.htm">!-# </a> * <a href="fox6.htm">! !</a> * <a href="fox7.htm">-!</a> * <a href="fox8.htm">!  -(#/</a> * <a href="fox9.htm">%"/ !</a> * <a href="fox10.htm">!-&</a> * <a href="fox11.htm"> !& &-$+</a> * <a href="fox12.htm">!- %# '" "+</a> * <a href="fox13.htm">/ ""#( %#</a> * <a href="fox14.htm"> /, /"  </a> * <a href="fox15.htm">! +"  #</a> * <a href="fox16.htm">!&  $+,'#</a> * <a href="fox17.htm">  %" !#  !" /  ' "</a> * <a href="fox18.htm">$/ "!</a> * <a href="fox19.htm">+ "</a> * <a href="fox20.htm">#</a> * <a href="fox21.htm">!"#"    #'",</a> * <a href="fox22.htm">(  ,</a> * <a href="fox23.htm">"", " #"  </a> * <a href="fox24.htm">" $+</a> * <a href="fox25.htm">!"#"-,/& &,</a> * <a href="fox26.htm">, "</a> * <a href="fox27.htm">  $ </a> * <a href="fox28.htm">!"#" -</a> * <a href="fox29.htm">% + + %-&.</a> * <a href="fox30.htm">%- /  ' % .</a> * <a href="fox31.htm">'-,   '#!+ ,</a> * <a href="fox32.htm"> "  !</a> * <a href="fox33.htm">! + %#</a> * <a href="fox34.htm">!" - %/ '-, .,-&</a> * <a href="fox35.htm">!,/ !/   !!" </a> * <a href="fox36.htm">& & '-,</a> * <a href="fox37.htm">'#! "  '</a> * <a href="fox38.htm"> + !/ &#</a> * <a href="fox39.htm">&",& &/ </a> * <a href="fox40.htm">! . -" !</a> * <a href="fox41.htm">& ' -</a> * <a href="fox42.htm">'"  ,/+  &3+-,</a></b></font></p> <font size=+1 face="Courier New"> <hr> <P align=center>(  ,</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">0= 0=L 87 8F78=O A:>@>?>AB86=> C<5@. <a name="54b"> <A HREF="#54">/=L 0=</A>, ?5@5A<>B@52 45;> > 53> A<5@B8, =0H5;, GB> MB> ?@>87>H;> ?> >H81:5 >4=>3> 87 15A>2, 8 25;5; 27OBL 0=0 87 040 8 25@=CBL 53> : 687=8. :070;>AL, >4=0:>, GB> B@C? 0=0 C65 @07;>68;AO. 5A, 1>OAL =0:070=8O, AB0; 3>2>@8BL 0=C:</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">KBL G5;>25:>< 8 AB0BL =5G8AB>9 A8;>9 - MB> <C:0. KBL =5G8AB>9 A8;>9, AB0BL A2OBK< - MB> @04>ABL. A;8 MB> @04>ABL, B> : G5<C >1O70B5;L=> @>640BLAO : 687=8?</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">0= A>3;0A8;AO, GB> MB> B0:.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- 45AL 5ABL =5:0O ;8A8F0, - ?@>4>;60; 15A, - C :>B>@>9 7>;>B0O O@L 15AA<5@B8O C65 3>B>20. A;8 C:@0ABL MBC ?8;N;N 8 ?@>3;>B8BL - 4CH0 =5 C945B, 8 68BL <>6=> 4>;3>. "K B>;L:> ?>72>;L <=5 84B8, :C40 O ?>254C, - 2A5 1C45B B0:, :0: B515 65;0B5;L=>. %>G5HL, BK 8;8 =5B?</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">0= A>3;0A8;AO, 8 15A ?>25; 53>. >H;8 >=8 2 2KA>:89 42>@5F. 84OB - 2KAOBAO 1>;LH85 740=8O, => B><8B5;L=> 3@CAB=> 8 ?CABK==>. 0:0O-B> ;8A8F0 A848B ?>4 ;C=>9, ?>4=O2 3>;>2C :25@EC 8 A<>B@O 2 ?@>AB@0=AB2>. K4>E=5B - 8 :0:>9-B> H0@8: 2KE>48B 87> @B0, 2728205BAO 225@E 8 B0< 2;5B05B 2 A5@548=C ;C=K. 4>E=5B - 8 >= ?0405B >1@0B=>. >9<05B 53> @B>< 8 >?OBL 2K4>E=5B...  B0: 4> 15A:>=5G=>AB8. 5A ?>4:@0;AO 8 AB0; 2K6840BL, ?><5AB82H8AL C =55 A1>:C. >640;AO, :>340 >=0 2K?;N=C;0 H0@8:, 1KAB@> AE20B8; 53> 2 @C:C 8 40; 0=C ?@>3;>B8BL. 8A8F0 8A?C30;0AL 8 A 3@>7=K< 284>< >15@=C;0AL : 15AC, => C28452, GB> BCB 42>5, ?>1>O;0AL, GB> =5 A?@028BAO, 8, @07JO@5==0O =5C40G59, C1560;0. 0= ?@>AB8;AO A 15A>< 8 ?>1@5; 4><>9.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">>340 >= ?@8H5; 4><>9, B> 65=0 8 45B8, C28452 53>, 8A?C30;8AL 8 ?>?OB8;8AL. 0=, >4=0:>, 2A5 @0AA:070;, 8 >=8 AB0;8 <0;>-?><0;C AE>48BLAO. 0= AB0; A?0BL 8 68BL ?>?@56=5<C. 3> ?@8OB5;L '60=, CA;KE02 ?@> 2A5 MB>, ?@8H5; ?@>2540BL. !2845;8AL, @073>2>@8;8AL > 74>@>2L5 8 4@C38E 45;0E.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- K A B>1>9 1K;8 2A5340 154=K, - 3>2>@8; 0= '60=C. -  B5?5@L C <5=O 5ABL A5:@5B: <>6=> 8< 4>1KBL A515 1>30BAB2>. >65HL ;8 BK ?>9B8 A> <=>9, :C40 O ?>94C?</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">'60= =5@5H8B5;L=> A>3;0H0;AO.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- / <>3C ;5G8BL 157 ;5:0@AB20, - ?@>4>;60; 0=. - 5H0BL 1C4CI55 157 3040=LO. / E>B5; 1K ?@8=OBL A2>9 284, => 1>NAL, GB> B5, :B> <5=O 7=05B, 8A?C30NBAO <5=O, :0: =020645=8O. ! B>1>9 O ?>94C 8 ?@8 B515 1C4C. !>3;0A5=?</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">'60= >?OBL A:070; 40, 8 >=8 2 B>B 65 45=L A>1@0;8AL 8 ?>H;8.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">@8H;8 >=8 : 3@0=8F5 3C15@=88 (0=LA8. "0< 2 >4=>< 1>30B>< 4><5 24@C3 70E2>@0;0 452CH:0, ?5@5AB0;0 2845BL 8 ?>3@C78;0AL 2 >1<>@>:. 8G:0;8 55 2A5<8 ;5:0@AB20<8, A;C68;8 2AO:85 <>;51=K - A;>2><, 2A5 8A?@>1>20;8, GB> 1K;> <>6=>.  MB> 2@5<O '60= ?@8H5; 2 4>< 8 AB0; E20AB0BLAO A2>8< 8A:CAAB2><. # 1>30B>3> AB0@8:0 >=0 1K;0 548=AB25==0O 4>GL, >= 5N 4>@>68; 8 ;N18; 55, 3>2>@O, GB> B><C, :B> A<>65B 55 87;5G8BL, >= 40AB 2 =03@04C BKAOGC ;0=. '60= ?@>A8; @07@5H5=8O ?>A<>B@5BL 452CH:C 8 2 A>?@>2>645=88 AB0@8:0 2>H5; 2 :><=0BC. 848B, >=0 ;568B 2 701KBL8. B:@K; >45O;>, ?>IC?0; B5;>. 528F0 1K;0 2 3;C1>:>< >1<>@>:5, =8G53> =5 GC2AB2>20;0. 0= H5?B0; '60=C:</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- 5 4CH0 CH;0. >94C ?>8IC 55.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- %>BO 8 >?0A=0 1>;57=L, - 70O28; '60= AB0@8:C, - >4=0:> A?0AB8 <>6=>.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">!B0@8: A?@>A8;, :0:>5 745AL =C6=> ;5:0@AB2>, => '60= >B25B8;, GB> =8:0:>3> ;5:0@AB20 =5 =C6=>.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- CH0 10@KH=8, - 3>2>@8; >=, - CH;0 :C40-B> 2 4@C385 <5AB0, 8 O C65 ?>A;0; 4CE0 8A:0BL 55.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">'0A0 B0: G5@57 420 24@C3 ?>O28;AO 0= 8 A:070;, GB> =0H5; 4CHC. ">340 '60= 5I5 @07 ?>?@>A8; C AB0@8:0 ?>72>;5=8O 2>9B8. ?OBL ?>IC?0;, 8 A59G0A 65 4528F0 AB0;0 ?>BO3820BLAO, 8 3;070 55 >B:@K;8AL. !B0@8: >G5=L >1@04>20;AO, AB0; ;0A:>2> 55 @0AA?@0H820BL.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- / 83@0;0 2 A04C, - @0AA:07K20;0 452CH:0, - 8 24@C3 286C - :0:>9-B> N=>H0 A A0<>AB@5;>< 2 @C:5 AB@5;O5B 2 ?B8FC. 5A:>;L:> G5;>25: 254CB ?@5:@0A=KE :>=59 8 84CB 70 =8<. / E>B5;0 A59G0A 65 C1560BL, => <=5 =03;> 703>@>48;8 4>@>3C. .=>H0 40; <=5 ;C: 8 25;5; AB@5;OBL. / 70ABK48;0AL 8 70:@8G0;0 =0 =53>, => >= A59G0A 65 AE20B8; <5=O 8 ?>A048; =0 ;>H04L, A5; A> <=>9, 8 <K ?>A:0:0;8. / ;N1;N A B>1>9 83@0BL, - 3>2>@8; >= <=5, - =5 ABK48AL! '5@57 =5A:>;L:> 25@AB <K 2J5E0;8 2 3>@K. / A845;0 =0 :>=5, :@8G0;0 8 1@0=8;0AL, N=>H0 @0AA5@48;AO 8 B>;:=C; <5=O B0:, GB> O C?0;0 C 4>@>38. %>B5;0 84B8 4><>9, => =5 7=0;0 :C40. > 2>B 845B :0:>9-B> G5;>25:, 15@5B <5=O 70 @C:C, 8 <K 1KAB@> <G8<AO, A;>2=><FONT FACE="Courier New" SIZE=4> A:0G5< =0 :>=5...  2 <3=>25=L5 >:0 <K 4><0. A5 MB> ?@>87>H;> 1KAB@>, A;>2=> 2> A=5, >B :>B>@>3> ?@>AK?0NAL.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">!B0@8: 1>3>B2>@8; '60=0 8 459AB28B5;L=> ?>40@8; 5<C BKAOGC ;0=. 0= =>GLN @5H8; A '60=>< B0:: >=8 >AB02OB 425AB8 ;0= =0 ?CB52K5 @0AE>4K, 0 2A5 >AB0;L=>5 '60= C=5A5B, ?>ABCG8BAO : 0=C 2 2>@>B0 8 ?5@540AB 45=L38 53> AK=C, 25;O ?@8 MB>< ?>A;0BL B@8AB0 ;0= 2 ?>40@>: '60=0<. 0B5< >= 25@=5BAO.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">0 A;54CNI89 45=L '60= ?>H5; ?@>I0BLAO A> AB0@8:><, => =5 273;O=C; 4065, 345 ;560B 45=L38, G5<C B>B 5I5 1>;LH5 C4828;AO, 8 ?@>2>48; 53> A A0<K< 1>;LH8< ?>G5B><.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">'5@57 =5A:>;L:> 4=59 '60= 2AB@5B8; =0 >:@08=5 3>@>40 A2>53> 75<;O:0 %M &0O. &09 ?8; 8 83@0;, =5 70=8<0OAL ?@>872>48B5;L=K< B@C4><, 8 1K; 4> A<5H=>3> 1545=, A;>2=> =8I89. #A;KH0, GB> '60= 4>1K; A5:@5B, :>B>@K< 703@5105B 45=L38 157 G8A;0, ?>1560; 8 >BKA:0; 53>. 0= AB0; A>25B>20BL 40BL 5<C ?><5=LH5 8 >B?@028BL >1@0B=>. > &09 =5 8A?@028; A2>53> ?@56=53> >1@070 687=88 2 :0:85-=81C4L 45AOBL 4=59 2A5 ?@><>B0; 4> :>=F0. %>B5; >?OBL 84B8 8A:0BL '60=0, => 0= C65 >1 MB>< 7=0;8 3>2>@8; '60=C:</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- &09 - AC<0AH54H89 =03;5F: A =8< 68BL =5;L7O. C6=> AC=CBL 5<C GB>-=81C4L - 8 ?CABL C18@05BAO. A5-B0:8 <5=LH5 1C45B 154K >B 53> ?>2545=8O.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">'5@57 45=L &09 459AB28B5;L=> O28;AO 8 AB0; 68BL C '60=0 ?@>B82 53> 2>;8.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- / 7=0;, :>=5G=>, GB> BK A=>20 ?@845HL, - 3>2>@8; 5<C '60=. - A;8 F5;K5 4=8 ?@>2>48HL 2 ?LO=AB25 8 :0@B565, B> 8 BKAOG0 ;0= =5 A<>3CB =0?>;=8BL 1574>==CN 4K@C. >B, 5A;8 BK A5@L57=> 8A?@028HLAO, O ?>40@N B515 A>B=N ;0=.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">&09 87JO28; A>3;0A85. '60= >BAK?0; 5<C 45=L38, 8 B>B CH5;. "5?5@L, A A>B=59 2 :0@<0=5, &09 =0G0; 83@0BL 5I5 070@B=55, 40 : B><C 65 A2O70;AO A> A:25@=>9 :><?0=859 8 AB0; <>B0BL 8 AK?0BL 45=L38, A;>2=> ?K;L. >@>4A:>9 AB>@>6, 70?>4>7@82 =5;04=>5, 7045@60; 53> 8 ?@54AB028; 2 C?@02;5=85, 345 53> ?@51>;L=> >B4C10A8;8, 8 >= @0AA:070; 2AN ?@024C, >B:C40 27O;8AL MB8 45=L38. ">340 53> ?>A;0;8 ?>4 :>=2>5<, GB>1K 0@5AB>20BL '60=0, => G5@57 =5A:>;L:> 4=59 @0=K 53> AB0;8 1>;5BL, 8 >= ?> 4>@>35 C<5@.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">4=0:> 53> 4CH0 =5 701K;0 '60=0, 2AB@5B8;0AL A 0=>< 8 >?OBL ?@8AB0;0 : =5<C. 4=064K >=8 A>1@0;8AL 8 ?8;8 2<5AB5 C :0:>3>-B> E>;<0, >45B>3> BC<0=><. &09 =0?8;AO AB@0H=> 8 AB0; >@0BL, :0: AC<0AH54H89. 0= ?@>1>20; 53> >AB0=>28BL, => B>B =5 A;CH0;. 0: @07 2 MB> 2@5<O ?@>5760; <5AB=K9 F5=7>@. #A;KH0;, GB> :B>-B> :@8G8B, 25;5; 8A:0BL. 0H;8 '60=0, :>B>@K9 2 8A?C35 @0AA:070; 2A5 =0G8AB>BC. &5=7>@ @0AA5@48;AO, 25;5; 40BL 5<C ?0;>: 8 ?>A;0; A 1;OE>9 : 4CEC. >GLN 5<C O28;AO 2> A=5 G5;>25: 2 7>;>BKE ;0B0E 8 70O28; A;54CNI55:</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">- >7=0=>, GB> 0= 0=L C<5@ 157 28=K, 0 B5?5@L O2;O5BAO 1;065==K< 15A><. 5G5=L5 - <8;>A5@4=>5 8A:CAAB2>. 5;L7O AG8B0BL 53> 15A>2A:>9 A8;>9. !53>4=O O ?>;CG8; ?@8:070=85 ;04K:8 2@CG8BL 5<C B8BC; 25AB=8:0 '8AB>3> 0>. %M &09 ?>4; 8 @072@0B5=. = C65 :07=8BAO, A:@KBK9 2 3>@5 <a name="55b"><A HREF="#55">5;57=>9 3@04K</A>. '60= =528=5=, 53> =04> ?@>AB8BL.</P> <P ALIGN="JUSTIFY">&5=7>@ ?@>A=C;AO 8 ?>4828;AO A=C. B?CAB8; '60=0, :>B>@K9 A>1@0; A2>8 ?>68B:8 8 25@=C;AO =0 @>48=C. # =53> 2 <>H=5 >:070;>AL =5A:>;L:> A>B ;0=, 87 :>B>@KE >= ?>;>28=C ?>GB8B5;L=> ?5@540; A5<L5 0=0. -B8 45=L38 ?@8=5A;8 59 1>30BAB2>.</P> <hr><font face="Courier New"> <p align=justify><a href="http://meskhi.net"><font size=2 color=red>Meskhi Net</font></a> * <font size=2><a href="index.html">   " </a> * <a href="graph.htm"> $ "!% .!" " </a> * <a href="fox1.htm">!(/  </a> * <a href="fox2.htm">'" "/ %#</a> * <a href="fox3.htm">! +" ', #</a> * <a href="fox4.htm">'  /, !/</a> * <a href="fox5.htm">!-# </a> * <a href="fox6.htm">! !</a> * <a href="fox7.htm">-!</a> * <a href="fox8.htm">!  -(#/</a> * <a href="fox9.htm">%"/ !</a> * <a href="fox10.htm">!-&</a> * <a href="fox11.htm"> !& &-$+</a> * <a href="fox12.htm">!- %# '" "+</a> * <a href="fox13.htm">/ ""#( %#</a> * <a href="fox14.htm"> /, /"  </a> * <a href="fox15.htm">! +"  #</a> * <a href="fox16.htm">!&  $+,'#</a> * <a href="fox17.htm">  %" !#  !" /  ' "</a> * <a href="fox18.htm">$/ "!</a> * <a href="fox19.htm">+ "</a> * <a href="fox20.htm">#</a> * <a href="fox21.htm">!"#"    #'",</a> * <a href="fox22.htm">(  ,</a> * <a href="fox23.htm">"", " #"  </a> * <a href="fox24.htm">" $+</a> * <a href="fox25.htm">!"#"-,/& &,</a> * <a href="fox26.htm">, "</a> * <a href="fox27.htm">  $ </a> * <a href="fox28.htm">!"#" -</a> * <a href="fox29.htm">% + + %-&.</a> * <a href="fox30.htm">%- /  ' % .</a> * <a href="fox31.htm">'-,   '#!+ ,</a> * <a href="fox32.htm"> "  !</a> * <a href="fox33.htm">! + %#</a> * <a href="fox34.htm">!" - %/ '-, .,-&</a> * <a href="fox35.htm">!,/ !/   !!" </a> * <a href="fox36.htm">& & '-,</a> * <a href="fox37.htm">'#! "  '</a> * <a href="fox38.htm"> + !/ &#</a> * <a href="fox39.htm">&",& &/ </a> * <a href="fox40.htm">! . -" !</a> * <a href="fox41.htm">& ' -</a> * <a href="fox42.htm">'"  ,/+  &3+-,</a></b></font></p> <hr><P align=justify> <A NAME="54"><A HREF="#54b">/=L 0= - 25@E>2=K9 2;04K:0 ?>475<=>3> <8@0.</A><br><br> <A NAME="55"><A HREF="#55b">>@0 5;57=>9 3@04K - >4=> 87 =0720=89 040.</A><br><br> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> <p>&nbsp</p> </BODY></HTML>